GOES and POES are both operational environmental satellites. But they actually share more in common such as their 40+ year legacy in space.
A polar orbit satellite travels pole-to-pole. For a sun-synchronous orbit, it passes over any given point on Earth’s surface at the same local solar time.
While geosynchronous satellites can have any inclination, the key difference is that satellites in geostationary orbit lie on the same plane as the equator.