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Data Engineering in ArcGIS Pro

Data Engineering in ArcGIS Pro

What is data engineering in ArcGIS Pro?

The whole purpose of data engineering in ArcGIS Pro is for you to explore and prepare your data before you start using it for analysis or mapping.

In fact, data engineering is a critical step in the GIS workflow because it ensures your data is clean and ready to work with.

The 3 main processes you can achieve with data engineering are inspecting your data, gathering statistics, and cleaning your data.

In this article, we’ll cover all these capabilities of data engineering in ArcGIS Pro and how they can benefit you as a GIS analyst.

READ MORE: 20 ArcGIS Pro Tips and Tricks

From data exploration to charting and data cleaning, the video above covers what you need to be more proficient at data engineering in GIS.

Data Exploration

To start using data engineering in ArcGIS Pro, you can right-click the data layer in the table of contents and select “Data Engineering”.

By enabling data engineering, the first thing you’ll see is all the fields in your table in the bottom panel.

For “text” fields, you’ll see ABC. Next, the “double” types of fields show 0.01. Finally, “integer” fields are simply 123.

When you hover over a field, you have the option to do any of the following –

  1. Update the symbology – Creates a color scheme for the field.
  2. Create a chart – Builds a histogram showing the distribution of data.
  3. Go to the attribute table – This takes you to the attribute table.

Here’s an example of updating symbology showing the level of GDP.

Data Engineering GDP

Statistical Analysis

By using data engineering in ArcGIS Pro, it’s possible to create charts to understand your attribute data better.

I suggest you start by clicking the “Add All Fields and Calculate” button. This allows you to see all the fields in your dataset with a histogram chart.

You can also check out statistics like minimum, maximum, mean, standard deviation, median, count, and other statistics.

Data Engineering ArcGIS Pro Statistics

Charting and Graphing 

You can also narrow down specific attributes by hovering over a field and clicking the “create chart” button.

If you want to inspect the GDP, you can look at its histogram. It will place each country into bins based on lowest to highest GDP.

One of the best parts about data engineering is that you can interactively select different bins, and then it will highlight them on the map.

For example, if you select the highest bin, then it will highlight the United States of America on the map.

Data Engineering ArcGIS Pro GDP Chart

Data Cleaning

Data cleaning involves a range of tasks, such as transformation, integration, and enrichment, to ensure the data is accurate, complete, and usable.

The data cleaning tools are available on the top ribbon within the data engineering tools. Here’s an overview of the available tools for each grouping:


  • Delete Field
  • Append
  • Alter Field
  • Project
  • Delete Rows
  • Fill Missing Values


  • Calculate Field
  • Add Field
  • Calculate Geometry
  • Transform Field
  • Standardize Field
  • Dimension Reduction
  • Time Series Smoothing


  • Spatial Join
  • Join Field
  • Near
  • Summarize Within
  • Summarize Nearby
  • Sample From Raster
  • Enrich
  • Apportion Polygon


  • Convert Time Field
  • Convert Time Zone
  • Pivot Table
  • Transpose Field
  • Reclassify Field
  • Encode Field


Traditionally, data engineering involves ETL tools and data pipelines.

But ArcGIS Pro gives you a set of geoprocessing tools to clean and prepare your data for mapping or analysis.

You also have options for data exploration, statistical analysis, and charting capabilities.

Overall, using data engineering tools in ArcGIS Pro can help you work more efficiently, improve the quality of your data, and gain insights into your data.