World Time Zones Map

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Time Zones Explained

World Time Zone Map Globe

We have 24 different time zones in the world. Because the Earth rotates 360° every 24 hours, each time zone is 15° longitude apart from the other. (360÷24=15)

The Prime Meridian (Greenwich Meridian) defines the center of the first time zone in the world. This means the Prime Meridian time zone spans from 7.5°W to 7.5°E. Then, the next time to the east spans 7.5°E to 22.5°E.

Gaining and losing time

When you move to the right, you gain time (fast time). In other words, for every time zone that you move towards the right, you add one hour. But when you head toward the left, you lose an hour (slow time).

You can find any time by counting how many degrees longitude it is away from Greenwich. For example, it would be 4 pm at 60°E longitude when it’s noon at the Prime Meridian. Whereas it would be 8 am at 60°W longitude

International Date Line

The International Date Line is a north-south line in the Pacific Ocean where you turn your calendar back or ahead one day. The center of the time zone roughly follows 180° longitude without crossing any landmass.

When you cross the International Date Line moving toward the east, you turn your calendar back one day. Whereas when you go from the west across the International Date Line, you turn your calendar ahead one day.

Irregular Time Zone Boundaries

No time zone in the world runs a perfect north-south line. Instead, they are jagged and adapt to the political boundaries of countries. Also, there can be “irregular square” time zones similar to islands.

For example, the province of Newfoundland and Labrador contains its own time zone with the same name that is UTC -3:30. But the province mostly observes Atlantic Standard Time (AST). Other examples include Afghanistan, Venezuela, and Australia with unusual time zones.

List of Time Zones and Abbreviations

Time zones can have names to help easily identify them. For example, this United States time zone map shows the six designated time zones including Eastern, Central, Mountain, Pacific, Alaska, and Hawaii-Aleutian time zones.

Here is a list of time zones and abbreviations that are in use today:

NameDescriptionRelative to GMT
GMTGreenwich Mean TimeGMT
UTCUniversal Coordinated TimeGMT
ECTEuropean Central TimeGMT+1:00
EETEastern European TimeGMT+2:00
ART(Arabic) Egypt Standard TimeGMT+2:00
EATEastern African TimeGMT+3:00
METMiddle East TimeGMT+3:30
NETNear East TimeGMT+4:00
PLTPakistan Lahore TimeGMT+5:00
ISTIndia Standard TimeGMT+5:30
BSTBangladesh Standard TimeGMT+6:00
VSTVietnam Standard TimeGMT+7:00
CTTChina Taiwan TimeGMT+8:00
JSTJapan Standard TimeGMT+9:00
ACTAustralia Central TimeGMT+9:30
AETAustralia Eastern TimeGMT+10:00
SSTSolomon Standard TimeGMT+11:00
NSTNew Zealand Standard TimeGMT+12:00
MITMidway Islands TimeGMT-11:00
HSTHawaii Standard TimeGMT-10:00
ASTAlaska Standard TimeGMT-9:00
PSTPacific Standard TimeGMT-8:00
PNTPhoenix Standard TimeGMT-7:00
MSTMountain Standard TimeGMT-7:00
CSTCentral Standard TimeGMT-6:00
ESTEastern Standard TimeGMT-5:00
IETIndiana Eastern Standard TimeGMT-5:00
PRTPuerto Rico and US Virgin Islands TimeGMT-4:00
CNTCanada Newfoundland TimeGMT-3:30
AGTArgentina Standard TimeGMT-3:00
BETBrazil Eastern TimeGMT-3:00
CATCentral African TimeGMT-1:00

10 Comments

  1. This doesn’t really help with my middle school assignment, I want to know actually how to convert coordinates, not locations into the time zones.

  2. I really appreciate and enjoy every bit of these features. Please may I know the country where the geographical south pole zone is located?

  3. Most of the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador-the island portion in on NST we are 1/2 an hour ahead of AST

  4. Thanks very much, it will really help me as I teach my junior high school students. Hope to visit here for more insight

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