World Time Zones Map

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Time Zones Explained

World Time Zone Map Globe

We have 24 different time zones in the world. Because the Earth rotates 360° every 24 hours, each time zone is 15° longitude apart from the other. (360÷24=15)

The Prime Meridian (Greenwich Meridian) defines the center of the first time zone in the world. This means the Prime Meridian time zone spans from 7.5°W to 7.5°E. Then, the next time to the east spans 7.5°E to 22.5°E.

Gaining and losing time

When you move to the right, you gain time (fast time). In other words, for every time zone that you move towards the right, you add one hour. But when you head toward the left, you lose an hour (slow time).

You can find any time by counting how many degrees longitude it is away from Greenwich. For example, it would be 4 pm at 60°E longitude when it’s noon at the Prime Meridian. Whereas it would be 8 am at 60°W longitude

International Date Line

The International Date Line is a north-south line in the Pacific Ocean where you turn your calendar back or ahead one day. The center of the time zone roughly follows 180° longitude without crossing any landmass.

When you cross the International Date Line moving toward the east, you turn your calendar back one day. Whereas when you go from the west across the International Date Line, you turn your calendar ahead one day.

Irregular Time Zone Boundaries

No time zone in the world runs a perfect north-south line. Instead, they are jagged and adapt to the political boundaries of countries. Also, there can be “irregular square” time zones similar to islands.

For example, the province of Newfoundland and Labrador contains its own time zone with the same name that is UTC -3:30. But the province mostly observes Atlantic Standard Time (AST). Other examples include Afghanistan, Venezuela, and Australia with unusual time zones.

List of time zones and abbreviations

Time zones can have names to help easily identify them. For example, this United States time zone map shows the six designated time zones including Eastern, Central, Mountain, Pacific, Alaska, and Hawaii-Aleutian time zones.

Here is a list of time zones and abbreviations that are in use today:

Name Description Relative to GMT
GMT Greenwich Mean Time GMT
UTC Universal Coordinated Time GMT
ECT European Central Time GMT+1:00
EET Eastern European Time GMT+2:00
ART (Arabic) Egypt Standard Time GMT+2:00
EAT Eastern African Time GMT+3:00
MET Middle East Time GMT+3:30
NET Near East Time GMT+4:00
PLT Pakistan Lahore Time GMT+5:00
IST India Standard Time GMT+5:30
BST Bangladesh Standard Time GMT+6:00
VST Vietnam Standard Time GMT+7:00
CTT China Taiwan Time GMT+8:00
JST Japan Standard Time GMT+9:00
ACT Australia Central Time GMT+9:30
AET Australia Eastern Time GMT+10:00
SST Solomon Standard Time GMT+11:00
NST New Zealand Standard Time GMT+12:00
MIT Midway Islands Time GMT-11:00
HST Hawaii Standard Time GMT-10:00
AST Alaska Standard Time GMT-9:00
PST Pacific Standard Time GMT-8:00
PNT Phoenix Standard Time GMT-7:00
MST Mountain Standard Time GMT-7:00
CST Central Standard Time GMT-6:00
EST Eastern Standard Time GMT-5:00
IET Indiana Eastern Standard Time GMT-5:00
PRT Puerto Rico and US Virgin Islands Time GMT-4:00
CNT Canada Newfoundland Time GMT-3:30
AGT Argentina Standard Time GMT-3:00
BET Brazil Eastern Time GMT-3:00
CAT Central African Time GMT-1:00


  1. Most of the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador-the island portion in on NST we are 1/2 an hour ahead of AST

  2. Thanks very much, it will really help me as I teach my junior high school students. Hope to visit here for more insight

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