Chile Political Map
Chile is the longest north-south shaped country in the world, stretching for a total of 39 degrees latitude. If you measure its length from north to south, Chile is 4,620 kilometers long. In addition, it’s also the southernmost mainland country in the world. Overall, Chile occupies most of the west coast of South America. It borders just 3 countries in South America including Argentina to the east, Bolivia to the northeast, and Peru to the north. The country includes several islands in the South Pacific Ocean including San Félix, San Ambrosio, Salas y Gómez, Robinson Crusoe, and of course Easter Island. Santiago is Chile’s capital and largest city.
Chile Satellite Map
Because of the long and narrow shape of Chile, it spans a number of different climatic zones and landscapes. First, the driest desert in the world, the Atacama Desert, lies in the north of Chile. As it transitions to the south, the climate becomes more Mediterranean and humid subtropical at Easter Island. Then, the southern region is more characterized by the Chilean Patagonia, an area influenced by the Andes Mountains, lakes, fjords, glaciers, deserts, and steppes. Some of Chile’s longest rivers include the Loa, Bíobío, and Cachapoal. Additionally, it’s the only country where you can find penguins outside of Antarctica on the Seno Otway.
Chile Physical Map
The Andes runs along the eastern side of Chile and is among one of the world’s longest mountain ranges. It forms most of its border with Argentina to the east. Because of its active plate tectonics, the country experiences severe earthquakes, volcanoes, and tsunamis. In fact, the largest recorded earthquake in history, the Valdivia Earthquake, occurred in Chile with a magnitude of 9.5. At 6,893 m (22,615 ft), Nevado Ojos del Salado is the highest peak in Chile. As part of the Andes Mountains, it’s also an active stratovolcano and the second highest mountain in both the Western Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.
Chile Regions Map
Chile contains 16 regions, which are distributed north-to-south in the country. Next, regions are divided into provinces and then communes. While regions are the first-level of administrative divisions, communes are the finest level. The metropolitan region of Santiago is the most populous of all regions in Chile.