NORTHERN EUROPE

Iceland Map

A map of Iceland showing its roads and cities that are mostly situated along its borders. It includes a satellite and topographic map of Iceland that shows its unique geological formations and landscapes.

REFERENCE

Iceland Political Map

Iceland is an island in Northern Europe in the North Atlantic Ocean just below the Arctic Circle. It doesn’t border any countries but is situated northwest of the United Kingdom. Greenland is its closest neighboring island, which is a distance of about 300 kilometers away. Iceland is the westernmost European country with Reykjavik being the northernmost capital in the world.

IMAGERY

Iceland Satellite Map

Iceland is known for having more glaciers than all of continental Europe combined. They stand out clearly in white. For example, Vatnajökull, Hofsjökull, Langjökull, and Mýrdalsjökull Glacier are the largest in Iceland. The country is geologically unique with approximately 130 active and inactive volcanoes in all parts of the country. Despite being located in a high latitude, its climate is temperate because the Gulf Stream brings heat through its ocean currents.

HILLSHADE

Iceland Elevation Map

Its terrain is mostly plateau with a mix of mountain peaks, coastal bays, fjords, ice fields.  At 2,109.6 meters (6,921 ft) in height, Hvannadalshnjúkur is the highest point in Iceland. This mountain peak is part of the ice-covered volcano Öræfajökull within Vatnajökull National Park. There are over 4000 named mountains in Iceland. Mount Esja is also a popular mountain for hiking because of its close proximity to Reykjavik.