EASTERN AFRICA

Eritrea Map

An Eritrea map showing major cities, towns, and highways. A satellite and elevation map displays the lush interior region and its desert landscape in the Danakil Depression.
REFERENCE

Eritrea Political Map

Eritrea is located in Northeast Africa and is part of the Horn of Africa. The country is along the Red Sea across from Yemen. It borders 3 other countries including Sudan to the west, Ethiopia to the south, and Djibouti to the southeast. Also, it consists of the Dahlak Archipelago, which is a group of 124 small islands off the coast of mainland Eritrea in the Red Sea. But only 2 of the islands are inhabited. It also contains the Hanish Islands and Southern Red Sea Islands. Asmara is the capital and largest city, known for its Italian influence and architecture.

IMAGERY

Eritrea Satellite Map

The area of Eritrea is 117,600 square kilometers (45,406 sq mi), which is larger than Benin but smaller than Malawi. The country is guitar-shaped and is part of the Horn of Africa. The country is hot and dry with desertification and drought common environmental problems. For example, the Danakil Desert is one of the hottest places in the world. Despite the hot and desert conditions, the interior area is more fertile and greener. Because of its wetter conditions, a larger population lives inland as opposed to the coastal areas. It’s even home to subtropical rainforests like the Filfil Rainforest.

HILLSHADE

Eritrea Elevation Map

Eritrea is at the intersection point of three tectonic plates diverging and tearing apart. It’s the Danakil Depression that lies at this triple junction. Also, it’s the location of Mount Ayalu, one of two volcanoes as a result of the Afar Triangle. While the coastal highlands are characterized by their dry and hot region, cliffs and canyons are situated in the south. At 2,021 meters (6,631 ft), Mousa Ali is Eritrea’s highest peak. This stratovolcano is located on the tripoint boundary of Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Djibouti.