Burundi Political Map
Burundi is a landlocked country located in east-central Africa. It’s one of the smallest African nations at 27,834 square kilometers (10,747 sq mi). This makes it smaller than Equatorial Guinea but larger than Rwanda. Burundi borders 3 other countries including the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west, Tanzania to the east, and Rwanda to the north. The capital city of Burundi is Gitega. But Bujumbura is the economic capital and the largest city. There are approximately 11.6 million people who live in Burundi. It’s also one of the ten poorest countries in the world with a history of civil war, corruption, and HIV/AIDS transmission.
Burundi Satellite Map
Burundi is rich in lakes such as the African Great Lake Tanganyika that forms a border to the west with the Democratic Republic of Congo. Not only is it the largest lake in Burundi, but it’s also the second-largest freshwater lake in the world by volume. Its other major lakes are Lake Rweru, Cyohaha, and Kanzigiri all in the northern region. Burundi is also the source of the 4,258 miles (6,853 kilometers) long Nile River. It all starts here in Burundi and ends in Egypt flowing all the way to the Mediterranean Sea. Although Burundi doesn’t have any deserts, forests cover about 7% of Burundi like the wooded Mitumba Mountains in the west.
Burundi Elevation Map
The terrain in Burundi is mostly hilly and mountainous with the Great Rift Valley as one of its major topographic features. The rifting process caused freshwater to drain into the valley, forming Lake Tanganyika to the west of Burundi. It includes the long and narrow plains along the Rusizi River and the belt of the foothills. Another geographic region is the Burundi Highlands mountain range, which contains Mount Heha. At 2,685 m (8,810 ft), it’s positioned southeast of the economic capital, Bujumbura, and is the highest peak in Burundi.