Micronesia is an island country in Oceania near Kiribati and the Marshall Islands, north of the equator. Micronesia consists of approximately 607 separate islands spread out over an area of approximately 702 square kilometers (271 sq mi). Roughly 105,000 people reside in the Federated States of Micronesia with its most populous cities being Weno, Tofol, and Colonia. It’s made up of four states including Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei, and Kosrae which are spread out from west to east in the North Pacific Ocean. The Federated States of Micronesia is known for surfing, eco-tourism, and World War II sites. Because of its location in the world, the United States used it for running nuclear tests and setting up its military bases.