10 US Mountain Ranges Map
The United States of America has many diverse landscapes. In fact, it’s home to 300+ major summits over at least 3,000 meters in height. This US mountain ranges map highlights the major mountain ranges in the United States and how they are distributed throughout the country.
Each state has its own unique geography. The Appalachian Mountains are the most prominent range in the east. Whereas the Rocky Mountains are in the central USA. Finally, the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Mountains are in the west. The majority of its highest peaks are located in the states of Colorado, Alaska, and California.
This US mountain ranges map is perfect for identifying where your favorite mountaintop is located and which states it’s in. It also briefly describes each range and some interesting facts about them.
READ MORE: Physical Map of the United States
1. The Rocky Mountains
The Rocky Mountains are a mountain range in the western United States. For as long as 3,000 miles (4,800 km), they stretch from New Mexico in the south through British Columbia and Alberta, Canada, to Alaska in the United States.
Its most prominent peak is Mount Elbert, located in the state of Colorado in the Sawatch Range. The Rocky Mountains are known as the Canadian Rockies in Canada with Mount Robson as its highest peak.
They are also one of the most beautiful natural wonders that embody American values of ruggedness and independence. The Rocky Mountains have been a part of American life for centuries and have played a tremendous role in shaping the country.
2. The Appalachians
The Appalachian Mountains (Appalachians) are the longest range of mountains in eastern North America and run along the east coast of the United States. Starting near the Canada-United States border in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, the Appalachians extend southwards to the northern limits of Alabama.
The Appalachians have been called “the backbone of North America” given their geographic and cultural importance to much of the continent. For years, this region has been popular among hikers, climbers, and campers because of its beautiful scenery.
When you visit this region, you will find a range of natural wonders to experience like waterfalls, lakes, rivers, and its many beautiful views, including the Appalachian Trail. The Appalachians also include several awe-inspiring subranges including:
- The Great Smoky Mountains
- Blue Ridge Mountains
- Green Mountains
- White Mountains
- Longfellow Mountains
- The Berkshires
|Length||2,000 miles (3,200 km)|
|Provinces||Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick|
|States||Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Washington, D.C., Delaware, Virginia, West Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Alabama|
|Highest Peak||Mount Mitchell (6,684 ft/2,037 m)|
3. Cascade Range
The Cascade Range is a mountain range that stretches from western Washington to northern Oregon in the United States. The highest summit, Mount Rainier, rises over 14,000 feet above sea level. It’s a massive system of volcanoes and volcanic peaks, with Mount St. Helens as the most famous and active peak.
This range is actually made up of dozens of smaller volcanoes and related formations that have been created by several volcanic eruptions in the last million years. Some of these eruptions were so powerful they blasted enormous amounts of rock and lava into the air. Though beautiful to look at, it can also be dangerous when you’re hiking near them.
|Length||700 mi (1,100 km)|
|States/Provinces||British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, and California|
|Highest Peak||Mount Rainier (14,411 ft/4,392 m)|
4. Brooks Range
The Brooks Range it’s a vast region of mountains in the northern United States, between Alaska and Canada, that rises abruptly from the surrounding arctic plains. The range is about 700 mi (1,100 km) long and spans an east-west direction
Its highest peak is Mount Isto which reaches a height of 8,976 ft (2,736 m) above sea level. The range is home to a variety of animals and plants, such as caribou, polar bears, and even musk oxen.
|Length||700 mi (1,100 km)|
|States/Provinces||Alaska and Yukon|
|Highest Peak||Mount Isto (8,976 ft/2,736 m)|
5. Sierra Nevada
The Sierra Nevada, the range of mountains forming the border between California and Nevada, is one of America’s most popular national parks. The mountain range is home to thousands of plants, animals, and microorganisms that inhabit its ecosystems.
The Sierra Nevada Mountains are also home to spectacular surrounding landscapes and breathtaking views. Sierra Nevada Mountain Range is located in the western part of North America and is known as one of the most visited mountain ranges in the country.
It’s a great place to visit for outdoor activities like camping, hiking, snowshoeing, backcountry skiing, and more. Although it’s not the biggest mountain range, it’s home to three national parks including Yosemite, Sequoia, and Kings Canyon.
|Length||400 miles (640 km)|
|States/Provinces||California and Nevada|
|Highest Peak||Mount Whitney (14,505 feet/4,421m)|
6. Alaska Range
The Alaska Range is a long, narrow mountain range in North America that stretches from northwestern Canada to the southern end of the Bering Sea. It includes Denali (Mount McKinley), the highest peak in North America, as well as many other notable mountains, such as Mount Foraker, Hunter, and Hayes.
For centuries, Alaska has been sought after for its natural resources and beauty. Many people who travel to Alaska also visit the Alaska Range Mountains because of their historical significance, wildlife, and scenic views. The range is known for its volcanoes, ice fields, and glaciers.
|Length||400 miles (640 km)|
|Highest Peak||Denali (20,310 ft/6,190.5 m)|
7. Coast Ranges
The majestic Coast Ranges is a mountain range between the Pacific Ocean and the Cascade, the Sierra Nevada, and Klamath mountain ranges in California. The Coast Ranges in California are a series of rugged mountains that stretch for about 400 miles (644 km) along the coast.
Peaks sometimes rise over 8000 feet and sea cliffs may be sheer and drop hundreds of feet to the ocean below, creating dramatic views. The coastal forests are lush and green, with open woodland at lower elevations. The Coast Ranges offer an incredible variety of habitats for plant life, animals, and people.
|Length||400 miles (640 km)|
|Highest Peak||Mount Linn (Elevation 8,098 ft/2,468 m)|
The Adirondacks is a scenic area in upstate New York that encompasses 5,000 square miles (13,000 sq km) of land. The mountains and hills that surround it provide a beautiful view of Lake George, which sits in the east of the range. This amazing park, Adirondack Park, is known for its rocky terrain, unique flora, and wildlife that includes bears, moose, black bears, coyotes, and river otters.
The Adirondacks are also home to several lakes such as Lake Champlain and Great Sacandaga Lake. These lakes offer recreational opportunities from camping to swimming as well as an abundance of fishing spots. Plus, this hiking trail takes you on a journey through some of the most beautiful scenery in America.
The Adirondack Mountains rise sharply from the lakeshore and have peaks that reach elevations exceeding 5,000 feet (1,500 m). The range runs roughly north-south and is bisected by the Hudson River which flows south through part of it. A considerable amount of this wilderness also covers parts of Vermont as well as portions of Quebec.
|Area||5,000 square miles (13,000 sq km)|
|Highest Peak||Mount Marcy (5,344 ft/1,629 m)|
9. Ouachita Mountains
The Ouachita Mountains (Ouachitas) are a mountain range in northwestern Arkansas and southeastern Oklahoma. The highest point is Magazine Mountain at 838 meters (2,753 ft), located in Mount Magazine State Park. The Ouachita Mountains make up part of the southern edge of the Ozark Plateau.
The mountains are named after the Ouachita Tribe who inhabited the area before European contact. The Ouachita Mountains take travelers through the heart of Arkansas and Oklahoma. Its grandeur is a sight to behold with its steep cliffs, rugged canyons, and waterfalls.
|Length||160 miles (260 km)|
|States/Provinces||Arkansas and Oklahoma|
|Highest Peak||Magazine Mountain (2,753 ft/838 m)|
10. Klamath Mountains
The Klamath Mountains are a mountain range in the far northwest of California and the south end of Oregon. These mountains include its highest point within the range, Mount Eddy, at 9,025 ft (2,751 m).
Located on the border of California and Oregon, the Klamath Mountains span about 155 miles (250 km) north-south and about 112 miles east-west (180 km), encompassing a total area of about 9,880 square miles (25,595 sq ki)
|Length||155 miles (250 km)|
|States/Provinces||Oregon and California|
|Highest Peak||Mount Eddy (9,025 ft/2,751 m)|
US Mountain Ranges Map
This US mountain ranges map illustrates the principal mountain ranges that are present in the United States.
The United States has a diverse topography, with some of its longest mountain ranges such as the Rocky Mountains, the Appalachians, and the Sierra Nevada.
Did we miss anything for our US mountain ranges map? Please let us know with a comment below.